COGNITIVE APPROACH TO ONYMS SEMANTICS
Tyumen State University
New tends of onyms system development, the correlation of onyms (Place names, personal names, nicknames) and appellatives, universal and ethnic features of Indo-European onyms are considered. The comparative analysis of British and American onyms from the point of view of the theory of language structuring levels concerning concepts of linguistic cognitive speaker creativity is made. The toponyms show not only perception of reality and what-you-see but help the speaker to create desired virtual names. Specific features of onyms are considered in complex with mental cognition and cultural impact.
cognition, onym, place name, nickname, creativeness, meaning