Author: E.G. Permyakova
Affiliation: Urals State University for Railway Transport
Verbs of acquisition are insufficiently studied within the cognitive approach. Multilevel analysis helps to unveil a person’s attitude to different things of objective reality. For the analysis we choose one-stem and derivative verbs. Prefix provides additional information about reasons and circumstances for acquisition. Lexical level shows the presence of actants in the lexical meaning of the word. As a result of the analysis all the verbs can be divided into benefactive, benefactive-privative, and benefactive-benefactive.
Keywords: cognitive, benefactiveness, verbs, derivation, prefixes, semantics, contextual analysis